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Добро пожаловать в ТОЛКОВАНИЕ Baseline Requirements
for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted Certificates, v.1.1
Автор перевода: Web Trust Ukraine
ЭТОТ ПЕРЕВОД НЕ ЯВЛЯЕТСЯ ДОСЛОВНЫМ И ПРЕДОСТАВЛЯЕТСЯ НА УСЛОВИЯХ "КАК ЕСТЬ".
ВЫ МОЖЕТЕ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАТЬ ПЕРЕВОД ИСКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНО НА СВОЙ СТРАХ И РИСК.
ВЕБ ТРАСТ УКРАИНА ОТКРЫТО ОТКАЗЫВАЕТСЯ ОТ ЯВНЫХ И НЕЯВНЫХ ГАРАНТИЙ И УСЛОВИЙ ЛЮБОГО РОДА,
ВКЛЮЧАЯ НЕЯВНЫЕ ГАРАНТИИ И УСЛОВИЯ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ, ПРИГОДНОСТИ ДЛЯ КАКОЙ-ЛИБО
ОПРЕДЕЛЕННОЙ ЦЕЛИ И ОТСУТСТВИЯ НАРУШЕНИЙ ПРАВ СОБСТВЕННОСТИ.
ВЕБ ТРАСТ УКРАИНА НЕ НЕСЕТ ОТВЕТСТВЕННОСТИ ЗА ПРЯМОЙ, КОСВЕННЫЙ, СЛУЧАЙНЫЙ,
СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ, ОПОСРЕДОВАННЫЙ, ШТРАФНОЙ ИЛИ ИНОЙ УЩЕРБ, ВКЛЮЧАЯ
УБЫТКИ, СВЯЗАННЫЕ С УПУЩЕННОЙ ВЫГОДОЙ, УЩЕРБОМ ДЕЛОВОЙ РЕПУТАЦИИ, ПОТЕРЕЙ ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ
ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ, ПОТЕРЕЙ ДАННЫХ, И ДРУГИЕ ВИДЫ НЕМАТЕРИАЛЬНОГО УЩЕРБА
ВЫЗВАННЫЕ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕМ ДАННОГО ПЕРЕВОДА
Требования CAB Forum
The CA/Browser Forum is a voluntary organization of leading certification authorities (CAs) and vendors of Internet browser software and other applications.
CA/Browser Forum Approves Baseline Requirements for SSL/TLS Certificates
The CA/Browser Forum has released the "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly Trusted Certificates"
the first international baseline standard for the operation of Certification Authorities (CAs) issuing SSL/TLS digital certificates natively trusted in browser software.
The CA/Browser Forum has requested that internet browsers and operating systems adopt the Baseline Requirements among their conditions to distribute
CA root certificates in their software. The new Baseline Requirements will improve the reliability and accountability of SSL/TLS issuance for relying parties by establishing
baseline standards for all types of SSL/TLS certificates from all publicly-trusted CAs.
The Baseline Requirements draw upon best practices from across the SSL/TLS sector to provide clear standards for CAs on important subjects including verification of identity,
certificate content and profiles, CA security, revocation mechanisms, use of algorithms and key sizes, audit requirements, liability, privacy and confidentiality, and delegation
(including external sub-CAs and registration authorities).
* Public IP addresses are addresses that are valid as nodes on the Internet.
They can be resolved and routed across the Internet from one point to another.
Unlike public IP, private IP addresses are not valid on the Internet.
Three range of private IP addresses has been selected for the three network class.
An IP address is considered private if the IP number falls within one of the IP address ranges
reserved for private uses by Internet standards groups. These private IP address ranges exist:
10.0.0.0 — 10.255.255.255
169.254.0.0 - 169.254.255.255
172.16.0.0 — 172.31.255.255
192.168.0.0 — 192.168.255.255
The IP standard defines specific address ranges within reserved
for use by private networks
Private IP addresses are typically used on local networks including home, school and business
LANs including airports and hotels.
Devices with private IP addresses cannot connect directly to the Internet. Likewise, computers
outside the local network cannot connect directly to a device with a private IP. Instead, access
to such devices must be brokered by a router or similar device that supports Network Address Translation (NAT).
NAT hides the private IP numbers but can selectively transfer messages to these devices, affording a layer of security to the local network.
Standards groups created private IP addressing to prevent a shortage of public IP addresses available
to Internet service providers and subscribers.